War of Three Kings (1688-1691)


Order of Battle/Record of Engaged Units



Contemporary Image of the Army of James II


Army of James II

Horse

Royal Regiment of Horse
Boyne
Red turned back blue
Viscount Galmoy's
Moyry Pass
Limerick
Abercorne’s
Aughrim
Colclough’s
Limerick (1691)
Kilmarnock’s
Limerick (1690)
Luttrell
Enniskillen
Sligo (1689)
Dublin Garrison (winter 1689)
Aughrim
Parker's
Boyne
Aughrim
Pendergast’s
Aughrim
Purcel
Boyne
Limerick (1691)
Sarsfield’s
Ballyshannon
Sligo (1689)
Cavan
Boyne
Ballineety Raid
Castle Birr
Aughrim
Sheldon’s
Boyne
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Sunderland's
Boyne
Aughrim
Duke of Tyrconnell's
Boyne
Westmeath’s

Dragoons

Maxwell’s
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Althone (1691)
Lord Clare’s
Derry
Boyne
Clifford’s
Limerick (1690)
Limerick (1691)
Cotter
Lord Dungan
Boyne
Maxwell’s
Boyne
O’Brien
Sligo
Boyne
O’Gara’s
Boyne
O’Neill’s
Boyne
White turned back brown
Talbot’s
Limerick (1690)

Foot

Royal Regiment of Foot Guards
Derry
Boyne
Aughrim
Red turned back blue
Earl of Antrim's (Scots/Antrim) (“Redshanks”)
Derry
Boyne
Althone
Aughrim
Limerick
White turned back red
Barret’s
Waterford Garrison
Bagenal’s
Derry

Lord Bellew’s

Derry
Moyry Pass
Newry (1690)
Ballymore Fort
Aughrim (Lord Bellew captured and dies of wounds)
Red turned back tawney
Berwick’s
Enniskillen
Derry
Cavan
Limerick (1690)
Castle Birr
Cork
Limerick (1691)
Maj. Gen Boisseleau’s
Newry
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Limerick (1691)
Bophin’s
Aughrim
Bourke’s
Lanesborough
Ballymore Fort
Aughrim
Burke’s
Duncannon
Butler’s
Derry
Cavanaugh’s
Waterford Garrison
Earl of Clancarty
Derry
Butchers Gate
Boyne
Cork
Aughrim
Galway
Clifford’s
Lanesborough
Ballymore Fort
Limerick (1691)
Dillon’s
Ballymore Fort
Aughrim
Galway
Limerick (1691)
Dorrington’s
Aughrim

Lord Duncan
Boyne
Eustace’s
Limerick (1690)
Ballymore Fort
Red turned back yellow
Fitzgerald’s
Althone
Lord Grand Prior's (Fitzjames)
Dublin Garrison (winter 1689)
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Althone (1691)
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back white/red breeches
Galmoy
Enniskillen
Siege of Crom Castle
Newry (1690)
Lord Galway’s
Bir Castle
Gormanston’s
Ballymore Fort
Goughegan
Ballymore Fort
Grace’s
Althone (1690)
Althone (1691)
Hamilton’s
Dromore
Derry
Pennyburn Mill
Boyne
Coleriane
Aughrim
Lord Iveagh’s
Droghea Garrison during Battle of the Boyne
Lord Louth’s
Newry (1689)
MacCarty Mor’s
Carrickfergus
Owen MacCarty
Carrickfergus
MacDonogh’s
Sligo (1691)
Ballyshannon
MacElligott’s
Boyne
Cork

Maguire’s
Aughrim
McMahon’s
Limerick (1690)
Althone
Moore’s
Ballymore Fort
Sligo
Aughrim
Nugent’s
Derry
Kenagh
Cavan
O’Donnell ( Ulster) (Went over to William III at Sligo)
Sligo (1691)
O’Gara’s
Jamestown
Sligo (1691)
Althone
O’Neale’s
Derry
O’Regan
Charlemont
Sligo (1691)
Cormack ONeill’s
Althone
Gordon O’Neill’s
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back red
Oxburgh’s
Bir Castle
Ballymore Fort
Scott’s
Kinsale
Slane’s
Aughrim
Earl of Westmeath’s
Limerick
Wauchope
Cavan
Limerick (1690)
Althone (1691)
Limerick (1691)


Viscount Montcashel’s (later Lee’s) (entered French Service April 18 1689)
Enniskillen
Newtownbutler
Crom Castle
Red turned back ?
Fielding (later disbanded) (entered French Service April 18 1689)
Enniskillen
Newtownbutler
Crom Castle
Red turned back ?
Dillon (entered French Service April 18 1689)
Enniskillen
Newtownbutler
Crom Castle
Red turned back black
O’Bryan (later Claire’s) (entered French Service April 18 1689)
Enniskillen
Newtownbutler
Crom Castle
Red turned back ?
Richard Butler (later disbanded) (entered French Service April 18 1689)
Enniskillen
Newtownbutler
Crom Castle
Red turned back ?

French (Arrived 19 April 1689 and departed 12 September 1690)
Foot
De Biron
Boyne
De Brouilly
Boyne
Conrad von Zurlauben's Blue Regiment (Swiss/German)
Boyne


Contemporary Image of the Army of James II

Army of William III
Dutch
Horse
William’s Horse Guards
Boyne
Boncour’s
Boyne
Aughrim
Ginkel’s
Boyne
Althone (1690)
Aughrim
Ballymore Fort (1691)
Galway
Monopvillian’s
Boyne
Aughrim
Nieuwenhuy’s
Boyne
Lord Portland’s
Boyne
Aghrim
Riedesel’s
Boyne
Schack’s
Boyne
Aughrim

Dragoons
Eppinger’s
Boyne
Duncannon Fort
Aughrim
Reidesell’s
Boyne
Aughrim


Foot
Dutch Blue Foot Guards
Boyne
Brandenburger Foot
Limerick (1690)
Cutt’s
Aughrim
Limerick (1690)
Limerick (1691)
Van Graben’s
Aughrim
Nassau-Saarbrucken-Ottweiler
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Wurtemberg
Limerick (1690)
Cork
Kinsale
Tettau
Limerick (1690)
Cork
Kinsale


Danish
Horse
Donop’s
Boyne
Aughrim
Shested’s
Aughrim
Juel’s
Limerick (1691)
(? unnamed at Limerick 1690)


Foot
Foot Guards
Boyne
Prince Christian’s
Boyne
Dronningen’s (Queen’s)
Boyne
Prince Frederick’s
Boyne
Funen
Boyne
Jutland
Boyne
Zealand
Boyne
(? unnamed at Limerick 1690)
(six unnamed at Aughrim)
(one unnamed at Althone 1691)
Huguenot
Horse
Duke of Schomberg’s 88-90/ Ruvigny’s 90 on
Boyne
Althone
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Grey
Luistadt
Aughrim
Meinhard Schomberg’s
Boyne
Grey
Montpoullion’s
Aughrim
Grey


Dragoons
La Forest
Cork
Aughrim
Grey
Miremont’s
Grey


Foot
Caillemote’s/Belcastle’s
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Aughrim
Grey
Cambon’s
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Cork
Aughrim
Galway
Grey
La Meloniere’s
Sligo
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Cork
Aughrim
Grey


English, Irish and Scots Regiments

Horse
Life Guards
Boyne
Lord Blaney’s ( Armagh)
Coleraine
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Byerley’s
Boyne
Compton’s
Aughrim
Coy’s
Boyne
Lanier’s (Queen’s Regiment of Horse)
Boyne
Castle Bir
Aughrim
Laggan Horse (Donegal)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Langston’s
Boyne
Murray’s ( Londonderry)
Derry Garrison (Apr-Aug 89)
Earl of Oxford’s (Royal Irish Regiment of Horse)
Boyne
Aughrim
Blue turned back red
Forward’s (Inishowen)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Russell’s (Enniskillen)
Enniskillen Garrison
Sligo
Boyne
Villier’s
Boyne
Raid of Ballyneety
Aughrim
Red turned back red
Wolseley’s (Enniskillen)
Newtown-Butler
Boyne
Althone
Aughrim
Red turned back green/red breeches

Dragoons
Cunningham’s (Scots)
Aughrim
Red turned back white
Cunyngham’s (Enniskillen)
Enniskillen Garrison
Boyne
Aughrim
Sligo (1691)
Grey
Eppinger’s
Boyne
Waterford
Heyford’s
Boyne
Levinson’s
Boyne
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Montjoy’s (Tyrone)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Rawdon’s ( Londonderry)
Dromore
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Wynne’s (Enniskillen)
Enniskillen
Crom Castle
Newtownbutler
Sligo (1689)
Cavan
Boyne
Althone (1691)
Aughrim
Grey



Foot
Princess Anne’s of Denmark’s
Boyne
Cork
Limerick (1690)
Kinsale
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back yellow/yellow breeches


Babington’s (1688-91)/ Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt
91 on
Carrickfergus
Boyne
Althone (1691)
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Baker’s ( Londonderry)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Derry Garrison (Apr-Aug 89)
Beaumont’s
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Beresford (Antrim)
Coleraine
Lord Blaney’s ( Armagh)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Bolton’s
Cork
Kinsale
Brewer
Aughrim
Galway
Canning/Crofton ( Londonderry)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Lord Charlemont’s ( Londonderry)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Chichester’s (Dungannon)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Churchill’s
Cork
Kinsale
Coldstream Guards
Boyne
Coleraine ( Londonderry)
Derry (Mar-Apr 89)
Collier’s
Cork
Limerick (1691)
Colyear
Cork
Kinsale
Red turned back yellow
Corry (Enniskillen)
Enniskillen Garrison



Douglas’ (Scots Guards)
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Althone (1690)
Bir Castle
Jamestown
Ballimore
Red turned back white/white breeches
Earl of Drogheda’s ( Belfast)
Boyne
Blue
Edmonstone’s (Antrim)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Erle’s (Irish)
Limerick (1690)
Aughrim
First Guards
Boyne
Fitzpatrick’s
Cork
Foulke’s
Boyne
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Garvagh’s (Derry)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Hales’s
Cork
Red turned back red
Hamill’s
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Derry Garrison (Apr-Aug 89)
Gustavus Hamilton’s 89-90/ Creighton’s 90 on (Enniskillen)
Enniskillen
Crom Castle
Newtown-Butler
Aughrim
Gustavus Hamilton’s 89 (augmented by 6 companies of Montjoy’s)
Boyne
Al;thone
Limerick (1690)
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back red
Hanmer’s
Relief of Derry
Boyne
Althone (1691)
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back red or tawney (?)


Hasting’s
Killiekrankie ( Scotland)
Boyne
Cork
Kinsale
Red turned back yellow with yellow breeches
Herbert’s
Boyne
Aughrim
Galway
Blue turned back white
Johnson’s (Tyrone)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Kirke’s (Queen Dowager’s Regiment)
Relief of Derry
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Bir Castle
Waterford
Aughrim
Red turned back green/green breeches
Lisburn’s (Newtonbutler)
Boyne
Lanesborough
Aughrim
Lloyd’s (Enniskillen) 89-90/ George Hamilton’s 90 on
Enneskillen
Newtown-Butler
Ballyshannon
Sligo (1689)
Ballysadare
Boyne
Aughrim
Galway
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back green
Luttrell’s (1688-91)
Boyne
Aughrim
Blue turned back yellow 1688-89
Red turned back yellow 1689 on
Marlborough’s
Cork
Maxwell’s (Down)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)


Edgeworth’s/Earl of Meath’s (Irish)
Carrickfergus
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Aughrim
Limerick (1691)
Melville’s (Earl of Leven) (Scots)
Killiecrankie ( Scotland)
Ballymore
Althone
Aughrim
Galway
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back yellow
Mervin’s ( Armagh)
Derry Garrison (Mar- Apr 89)
Monmouth’s
Cork
Kinsale
Montjoy’s (6 companies augmented Gustavus Hamilton’s)
Derry Garrison (Mar- Apr 89)
Murray’s (Londonderry)
Siege of Derry (Apr-Aug 89)
Pennyburn Mill
Duke of Norfolk’s 89/Bellasis 89 on
Carrickfergus
Boyne
Althone
Aughrim
Galway
Red turned back buff
O’Donnell ( Ulster) Went over to William III at Sligo
Sligo (1691)
Parker’s/Lance’s (Coleraine)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Pennyburn Mill
Derry Garrison (Apr-Aug 89)
Phillip’s ( Londonderry)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Skeffington’s Jan-Aug 1689/ Mitchelburne’s Londonderry (Antrim Volunteers)
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Windmill Hill
Derry Garrison (Apr-Aug 89)
Boyne
Sligo (1691)
Steuart’s
Relief of Derry Garrison
Boyne
Limerick (1690)
Aughrim
Red turned back tawney
St George’s
Relief of Derry
Charlemont’s/Baker’s/ St John’s ( Londonderry)
Dromore
Derry Garrison (Mar-Apr 89)
Windmill Hill
Derry Garriosn (Apr-Aug 89)
Boyne
Aughrim
Galway
Tiffin’s (Enniskillen)
Enniskillen Garrison
Newtown-butler
Ballyshannon
Sligo (1689)
Derry
Boyne
Castle Birr
Aughrim
Galway
Limerick (1691)
Grey turned back white
Torrington’s
Cork
Kinsale
Trelawney’s (Queen Consort’s Regiment)
Boyne
Cork
Kinsale
Limerick (1691)
Red turned back yellow/yellow breeches
Verner’s
Limerick (1691)
Rawdon’s/Walkers/White’s/Caulfield’s ( Londonderry)
Dromore
Coleraine
Derry Garrison (Mar-Aug 89)
Windmill Hill
Derry Garrison (Apr-Aug 89)
Retained after Siege
Winchester’s
Cork
Wharton’s (89)/ Brewer’s (89 on)
Boyne
Aughrim
Whitney’s/Monro’s ( Londonderry)
Derry Garrison (Apr-Aug 89)


Raising the Enniskillen Regiment


Battles and Sieges


2 March 1689 Justin McCarthy occupies Bandon

12 March 1689 King James II lands at Kinsale

December - August 1689 Actions around Enniskillen by Enniskillen forces

18 December 2 companies established under Cpts. Allen and Malcome Cathcart

January Enniskillen Regt formed under Col. Gustavus Hamilton and LTC Lloyd

20-24 Mar Siege of Crom Castle

24 Apr Raid on Omagh
Burning of Augher
Raid on Monaghan

4 May Belleek

Late May Redhill
Ballynacarrig
Kells
Finna

3 June Raid on Omagh

11 June Raid on Omagh

17 June Belturbet

8 July Cornegrade

20 July Enniskillen organizes into Wolsely’s Horse, Wynne’s Dragoons, Hamilton’s
Foot, Lloyd’s Foot and Tiffins’s Foot

31 July Crom Castle
Lisnaskea
Newtown-Butler

18 April - 1 August 1689 Siege of Derry

Actions around Derry by Regiments in Derry


14 March 1689 Dromore

27 March 1689 Coleriane

14 April 1689 Cladyford

21 April Pennyburn Mill

5 May Windmill Hill

28 June Butchers Gate at Derry

4 June Windmill Hill

May 1689 Ballyshannon

1 May- 30 Sep 1689 operations around Sligo

May 1689 – 14 June 1690 Siege of Charlemont

13 August 1689 Schomberg lands at Bangor Bay

20-27 August 1689 Siege of Carrickfergus

21 September 1689 Dundalk

January 1690 Siege of Kenagh Castle

7 June 1690 Ballymore Fort

14 June 1690 William III lands at Carrickfergus

22 June 1690 Skirmish at Moyry Pass

22 June 1690 Newry

1 July 1690 Battle of the Boyne

17-24 July 1690 Siege of Althone

21-26 July 1690 Siege of Duncannon Fort

23-24 July 1690 Siege of Waterford

9-30 August 1690 Siege of Limerick

13 August 1690 Ballineety Raid

Sep 1690 Althone

12 September 1690 Castle Birr

28 September 1690 Cork

3 October 1690 Kinsale

December 1690 Jamestown

27 December 1690 - 8 January 1691 Lanesborough

21-30 June 1691 Siege of Althone

June 1691 Ballymore Fort

12 July 1691 Aughrim

19- 28 July 1691 Galway

25 August – 3 October 1691 Siege of Limerick

10 - 15 September 1691 Seige of Sligo



Contemporary Image of the Death of Schomburg



References


Doherty, Richard, The Williamite War in Ireland, 1688-1691 ( Ireland, 1998)

Ede-Borrett, S., The Army of James II, Uniforms and Organization ( UK, 2003)

Berresford-Ellis, Peter, The Boyne Water, The Battle of the Boyne, 1690 ( Belfast, 1989)

Glozier, Matthew, The Huguenot Soldiers of William of Orange and the “Glorious Revolution” of 1688 ( UK, 2002)

Hamilton, Andrew, The Actions of the Enniskillen-Men ( London, 1690)

Kinross, John, The Boyne and Aughrim, The War of Two Kings ( UK, 1997)

Lenihan, Padraig, 1690: Battle of the Boyne ( UK, 2003)

Macrory, Patrick, The Siege of Derry (NY 1980)

McNally Michael, Battle of the Boyne, 1690 ( UK, 2005)

Reid, Stuart, The Last Scots Army, 1661-1714 (UK 2003)

Sapherson, C.A., The British Army of William III ( UK, 1997)

Sapherson, C.A., William III At War Scotland and Ireland 1689-1691 ( UK, 2001)

Simms, J.G., Jacobite Ireland ( Dublin, 2000)

Wauchope, Piers, Patrick Sarsfield and the Williamite War ( Dublin, 1992)

Williams, Noel St John, Redcoats and Courtesans, the Birth of the British Army, 1660-1690 ( London, 1994)

Witherow, Thomas, Derry and Enniskillen in the Year 1689 ( Belfast, 1913)

A Jacobite narrative of the war in Ireland , A light to the blind, Plunkett memoirs , http://www.ucc.ie/celt/poblished/

A List of Officers taken at Ballymore, the 8th of June, 1691,
http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/

Contemporary Diary of Siege of Limerick, 1691, by Colonel Michael Richards,
http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published

Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth, http://www.regiments.org




Jan Wyck’s Painting of the Battle of the Boyne



The Boyne Water


July the first, of a morning clear, one thousand six hundred and ninety,
King William did his men prepare—of thousands he had thirty-
To fight King James and all his foes, encamped near the Boyne Water;
He little feared, though two to one, their multitude to scatter.

King William called his officers, saying: "Gentlemen, mind your station,
And let your valour here be shown before this Irish nation;
My brazen walls let no man break, and your subtle foes you’ll scatter,
Be sure you show them good English play as you go over the water."

Both foot and horse they marched on, intending them to batter,
But the brave Duke Schomberg he was shot as he crossed over the water.
When that King William did observe the brave Duke Schomberg falling,
He reined his horse with a heavy heart, on the Enniskillenes calling:

"What will you do for me, brave boys—see yonder men retreating?
Our enemies encouraged are, and English drums are beating."
He says, "My boys feel no dismay at the losing of one commander,
For God shall be our King this day, and I'll be general under."

Within four yards of our fore-front, before a shot was fired,
A sudden snuff they got that day, which little they desired;
For horse and man fell to the ground, and some hung on their saddle:
Others turned up their forked ends, which we call coup de ladle.

Prince Eugene's regiment was the next, on our right hand advanced
Into a field of standing wheat, where Irish horses pranced;
But the brandy ran so in their heads, their senses all did scatter,
They little thought to leave their bones that day at the Boyne Water.

Both men and horse lay on the ground, and many there lay bleeding,
I saw no sickles there that day—but, sure, there was sharp shearing.
Now, praise God, all true Protestants, and heaven's and earth's Creator,
For the deliverance he sent our enemies to scatter.
The Church's foes will pine away, like churlish-hearted Nabal,
For our deliverer came this day like the great Zorobabal.

So praise God, all true Protestants, and I will say no further,
But had the Papists gained that day, there would have been open murder.
Although King James and many more were ne'er that way inclined,
It was not in their power to stop what the rabble they designed.



Lillibulero

Ho! brother Teague, dost hear the decree?
Lillibulero bullen a la, (repeated after each line)
Dat we shall have a new deputy?
Lillibulero bullen a la.

Refrain:
Lero, lero, lillibulero,
lillibulero, bullen a la
Lero, lero, lillibulero,
lillibulero, bullen a la.

Ho! by my soul, it is de Talbot,
And he will cut all de English throat.

Though, by my soul, de English do praat,
De law's on dare side, and Creish knows what.

But if dispence do come from de Pope,
We'll hang Magna Charta and dem in a rope.

And de good Talbot is made a Lord,
And with brave lads is coming abroad.

Who all in France have taken a sware,
Dat dey will have no Protestant heir.

Ara! but why does he stay behind?
Ho' by my soul, 'tis a Protestant wind!

But see, de Tyrconnel is now come ashore,
And we shall have commissions galore.

And he dat will not go to mass
Shall be turn out, and look like an ass.

But now de hereticks all go down,
By Creish and St. Patrick, de nation's our own.

Dare was an old prophecy found in a bog,
" Ireland shall be ruled by an ass and a dog".

And now dis prophecy is come to pass,
For Talbot's de dog, and James is de ass.